What is the Difference Between a TBI and a Concussion?

We are all vulnerable to the terrible consequences of a brain injury. Brain injuries occur in vehicle accidents, sporting events, the workplace and our own homes. Many Americans are unaware of just how significant and common these injuries can be for sufferers.

There are many different forms of brain injury, but we are going to focus on two commonly used terms that are used to describe them. While statistics on each vary, and the terms are often used interchangeably, “traumatic brain injuries” and “concussions” have different implications.

Traumatic Brain Injuries

  • Around 1.7 million people suffer traumatic brain injuries every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Over 50,000 people die from traumatic brain injuries every year.
  • Traumatic brain injuries are a contributing factor in close to one-third of injury-related deaths in the United States.

Traumatic brain injuries occur when a person receives a blow or jolt to the head. These injuries can cause confusion, mental impairment, dizziness, loss of consciousness, memory difficulties and a number of other problems. Sometimes the consequences of a traumatic brain injury are immediate, while others can take some time to manifest. Injuries can be short-term and a sufferer can fully recover, or they can be permanent and result in damage that severely diminishes a person’s quality of life.


  • It is estimated that there are 1.6 to 3.8 million sports- and recreation-related concussions every year in the United States.
  • An athlete who suffers from a concussion is four to six times more likely to suffer another concussion.
  • Around 10 percent of all contact sports athletes suffer concussions annually.

A concussion should be thought of as a subset of traumatic brain injuries rather than a separate injury. In fact, concussions are generally considered to be “mild” traumatic brain injuries, though for many sufferers, mild is an inadequate classification. A concussion can also have a significant impact on an injured person, many of which are the same symptoms and consequences listed for traumatic brain injuries. As you can see, the focus of concussion research is often centered around athletes and sports-related activities.

When You Need an Attorney
As attorneys who have devoted much of our practice to helping victims of traumatic brain injuries, we can tell you that many brain injury victims sustain their injuries because of another person’s negligence. For example, the three leading causes of traumatic brain injury – falling, being struck by/against an object and motor vehicle accidents – are often the fault of a negligent party, be it a property owner who doesn’t properly maintain the condition of their property, an employer who creates an unsafe work environment or a driver whose negligence causes a crash resulting in another’s brain injury.

When someone else’s negligence causes a traumatic brain injury, that person or persons can held accountable for the injuries through the filing of a personal injury claim. These claims can help victims with the fallout from a brain injury, including pain, suffering, medical bills, ongoing treatment, loss of income and loss of work capacity. In the unfortunate event of fatal traumatic brain injury, survivors of the victim may choose to file a wrongful death claim in order to receive compensation for the damages they have suffered.

If you or a loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury due to the carelessness of another person, contact the Texas traumatic brain injury attorneys at Guajardo & Marks to learn how we can help you. Consultations are free, and we earn no fee unless we win your case.